an extended period of instability and insecurity, especially one resulting from a series of catastrophic events.
Brexit, Covid, war, climate disasters, a tanking economy, political instability, global insecurity, a sense of impending doom. There’s a single word for this, and it has just become Collins Dictionary’s word of the year: permacrisis.
熟词僻义，作名词是坦克的意思，作动词有“表现得很糟糕，快速减少，衰落，下跌”的含义，英文解释为“If something such as a stock price or a movie tanks, it performs very badly, for example because it loses a lot of money.”
表示“即将发生的，逼近的”，英文解释为“An impending event is one that is going to happen very soon.”
表示“死亡；毁灭；厄运；劫数”，英文解释为“death or destruction; any terrible event that you cannot avoid”
The word is defined as “an extended period of instability and insecurity”, which some may argue is an accurate summary of the past few years. Collins said it chose the word as it “sums up quite succinctlyhow truly awful 2022 has been for so many people”
表示“给（尤指单词）下定义；说明，解释”，英文解释为“to say what the meaning of something, especially a word, is”
extended 表示“延伸的；长的；延长的”，英文解释为“long or longer than usual”
succinctly表示“简明地；言简意赅地”，英文解释为“in a way that expresses what needs to be said clearly and without unnecessary words”.
Permacrisis tops a list of 10 words, six of them new entries in the dictionary, which represent 2022, Collins said.
1表示“项目；条目；（一则）记录”，英文解释为“a separate piece of information that is recorded in a book, computer, etc.”
2表示“参赛作品；参赛答卷”，英文解释为“An entry for a competition is a piece of work, a story or drawing, or the answers to a set of questions, which you complete in order to take part in the competition.”
The list reflected “the state of the world right now”, said Alex Beecroft, the managing director of Collins Learning.
“Language can be a mirror to what is going on in society and the wider world and this year hasthrown up challenge after challenge.
01.throw (sth) up
1表示“产生（新问题或想法）”，英文解释为“to produce new problems or ideas”
3表示“辞去，放弃（工作）”，英文解释为“If you throw up your job, you choose to leave it or stop doing it.”